University of Peshawar, Pakistan; Bibliometric Evaluation of Research Productivity


  • Ikram Ul Haq College of Dentistry, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdullah International Medical Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia


Research productivity; Bibliometrics; University of Peshawar; Pakistan; Publications


Background: University of Peshawar (UoP) is the first university established after the creation of Pakistan. The aim of this study is to present the bibliometric attributes of documents produced by the researchers of the University of Peshawar as reflected in the Elsevier’s Scopus database. Methodology: A retrospective study was carried out on publications output of the UoP till date of December 31st, 2019. The data of bibliographic records of UoP have been extracted from Elsevier’s Scopus database. The data have been analyzed to determine the bibliometric indicators of chronological growth of publications, distribution of publications by subject areas, the preferred source of publications/journals, authorship patterns, collaborating research organizations, and countries. Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet has been used for the calculation of frequency and graphic presentations of findings. Microsoft Excel correlation formula has been used to determine the correlation between authorship patterns and the number of citations. Results: A total of 4,820documents were retrieved from 1957 to 2019. These documents received 57,212 citations with an average of 11.87 citations per document. The maximum research has been produced on the subject of chemistry, and the Journal of the Chemical Society of Pakistan found a most preferred journal. The bulk of papers have been written by four-author pattern and the highest number of citations were received by the publications having more than nine authors. The majority of research collaboration was done with the researchers of Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan. The analysis of research collaboration by country showed that China has been a top preference for the authors of UoP, followed by the United States, United Kingdom, and Saudi Arabia. Conclusion: The success of university education is to cultivate the ability among the students to transform the conceptual knowledge into sustainable technology for the betterment of society. The faculty and students of the UoP have been striving hard to get excellence through innovative research and actively involved in research collaboration, nationally and internationally. The remarkable research growth has been recorded during the last decade.